Laryngotracheobronchitis (ie, croup) is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract that causes varying degrees of airway obstruction but that. Croup, also known as laryngotracheobronchitis, is a type of respiratory infection that is usually Viral croup or acute laryngotracheitis is most commonly caused by parainfluenza virus (a member of the paramyxovirus family), primarily types 1 . BENSTEAD JG. The flora of bronchial secretions with particular reference to anaerobic cocci. Lancet. Feb 4;1()– [PubMed].

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The physical examination revealed mild chest wall retraction and audible stridor, but no drooling or cyanosis. Inspiratory and expiratory stridor in a month child with croup. Retrieved 16 April Stridor Inspiratory and expiratory stridor in a month child with croup.

Dose of dexamethasone in croup”. Croupalso known as laryngotracheobronchitisis a type of respiratory infection that is usually caused by a virus. Pediatrics Animal viral diseases Acute upper respiratory infections Cough. Many cases of croup are preventable by immunization for influenza and diphtheria.

Usually days but can last up to 7 days [2]. Retrieved 15 April Croupy cough Croup cough in an month child with croup.

Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis in Children

For the type of casino employee, see croupier. Citing articles via Google Scholar. Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. The steeple sign as seen on an AP neck X-ray of a child with croup. Steeple sign and acute laryngotracheobronchitis H Matsuura.


Croup – Wikipedia

Email alerts New issue alert. An unusual cause of stridor: The viral infection that causes croup leads to swelling of the larynxtracheaand large bronchi [3] due to infiltration of white blood cells especially histiocyteslymphocytesplasma cellsand neutrophils.

As croup worsens, stridor may decrease considerably. The word croup comes from the Laryngotracheobrobchitis Modern English verb croupmeaning “to cry hoarsely”; the name was first applied to the disease in Scotland and popularized in the 18th century. Archived from the original on Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic.

The second death was the only one which. Croup can be caused by a number of viruses including parainfluenza and influenza virus. For the crop of a bird, see crop anatomy. Lzryngotracheobronchitis large Download slide. On the basis of the clinical and radiographic findings, the patient was diagnosed as having an acute laryngotracheobronchitis.

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. For the part of a quadruped, see rump animal. Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account.

Genealogical and morphological analysis of Lusitano Purebred horses participating at international Dressage competitions. This article is about the respiratory condition. Archived from the original on 16 April D ICD – Head sinuses Sinusitis nose Rhinitis Vasomotor rhinitis Atrophic rhinitis Hay fever Nasal polyp Laryngotracheibronchitis nasal septum Nasal septum deviation Nasal septum perforation Nasal septal hematoma tonsil Tonsillitis Adenoid hypertrophy Peritonsillar abscess.

Sign In or Create an Account. Purchase access Subscribe to the journal. The most commonly used system for classifying the severity of croup is the Westley score. Children with croup are generally kept as calm as possible.


While other treatments for croup have been studied, none have sufficient evidence to support their use. Retrieved from ” https: A frontal X-ray of the neck is not routinely performed, [3] but if it is done, it may show a characteristic narrowing of the trachea, called the steeple signbecause of the subglottic stenosis, which resembles a steeple in shape.


Problems playing this file? Create a free personal account to access your subscriptions, sign up for alerts, and more. Influenza and diphtheria vaccination [4]. Bacterial croup may be divided into laryngeal diphtheria, bacterial tracheitis, laryngotracheobronchitis, and laryngotracheobronchopneumonitis. Sign in to save your search Sign in to your personal account. There is still lack of agreement about the best methods of treatment; I think, therefore, that this phase of the subject is most worthy of discussion.

The Cochrane database of systematic reviews. Other symptoms include fevercoryza symptoms typical of the common coldand indrawing of the chest wall —known as Hoover’s sign. Fatal respiratory disease due to Corynebacterium diphtheriae: Create a free personal account to make a comment, download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts and more.

Excellent descriptions of the pathologic condition have been given by Richards 1 and others. Privacy Policy Terms of Use.

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