: 20 BLACK CARDAMON Plant Seeds (AMOMUM subulatum) Grow Indoors or Outdoors!: Garden & Outdoor. Common Name: Greater Cardamom. Amomum subulatum. Drawing of the flowering plant. Photograph by: Roxburgh, W., Plants of the coast of Coromandel, vol. Larger or Greater Cardamom, Nepal Cardamom. Latin Name: Amomum subulatum Zingiberaceae. Sanskrit/Indian name: Aindri, Sthula ela, Brihatupakunchika.

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Amomum subulatum – Herb Information

See also negro pepper for another example of a smoked spice. Etymology For the botanical genus name Amomum and for cardamomsee cardamom. In its native areas it grows to be a large plant with thick stocks and huge leaves. The phytohormones which inhibit germination will then break down. Initial germination lasts for about 80 days under these conditions. In the US and Great Britain the seeds are employed as an ingredient of curry powder and used as a flavourant in liqueurs, while in Russia, Sweden, Norway and maomum of Germany they are largely used for flavouring cakes.

Amomum subulatum Roxb.

Selected Links Indian Spices: Then temperature and lighting must be increased gradually. Its seed pods have a strong, camphor -like flavor, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. Its common name is spelt in a number of ways, Subulagum, Cardamon or Cardemon and occasionally Cardamum.

Apart from usage in Indian and Nepali cuisine, they are not much known, but have some regional ammomum in Central and Southern China.


It includes several species of cardamom, especially black cardamom Amomum subulatum but also the green cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum.

Amomum costatum [ citation needed ] Benth.

It takes up to four years to obtain a full cardamom crop from such a planting. The species name subulatum is based on the Latin subula meaning ‘awl-shaped’ or ‘tapering to a point’, in reference to the shape of the leaves. It provides tonic properties to the heart, liver and spleen. Black cardamom was historically used in Chinese cooking, at least back to the Yuan. The pods of A. In dried condition, they are widely known as Black cardamom or Nepal cardamom and are very popular in Indian cuisine.

The plant needs moist soil in a warm environment with filtered sunlight.

At least two distinct species of black cardamom occur: It is the world’s third-most expensive spice, outstripped in price per weight only by saffron and vanilla.

It often grows on the steep cliffs and mountain hillsides throughout the jungle and is harvested by hand.

It has the synonym of Amomum aromaticum. There, the ground seeds are an optional ingredient to the five spice powder see star anise. The seeds are removed from the pods after the pods have dried.

Thus, it is generally a good idea to prepare Northern Indian dishes of braising type kormas a few hours or even one day in advance.

A decoction of seeds is used as a gargle in affections of teeth and gums. Transplant seedlings when they reach about 5cm 2in in height to containers and continue to transplant to successively larger containers as necessary.


The cardamom plants must be three years old before they begin producing their signature seed pods. Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: This behaviour is shared by other unground spices, like cinnamoncloves and green cardamomall of which are popular in Northern India and mostly used unground see also onion. The botanical species name subulatum derives from Latin subula awlreferring probably to the awl-shaped and pointed leaves. Pretty, ivory flowers appear in compact inflorescences at ground level and are followed by seed pods.

They can survive in slightly warmer temperatures, but they do not tolerate cooler environments. Amomum subulatum is also a great ornamental, the plants are suitable to be grown outdoors in all mild and warm temperate climates that do not experience excessive freezes.

In hot areas of the world the plants need shade and moisture. The Arabs attributed aphrodisiac qualities to it it features regularly in the Arabian Nightsand the ancient Indians regarded it as a cure for obesity. In traditional Chinese medicine, black cardamom is used for stomach disorders and malaria.

In the East, the plant is used medicinally, for digestive ailments.

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