badiny js ferenc – kldetl ister-gamig Documents · badiny js ferenc – kldetl ister-gamig Documents · panduan penggunaan borang pr1. continuity theory from the Hungarian diaspora, Professor Ferenc Badiny-Jos, expounded upon Professor Badiny-Jos claims that the Hungarians are related to the .. [19] Peter J.S. Duncan, Russian Messianism, Third Rome, Revolution. Hungarian Turanism (Hungarian: Turánizmus / Turanizmus) is a diverse phenomenon that .. in: Herman Ottó: Petényi J. S. a magyar tudományos madártan megalapítója. p. .. A Hungarian non-commissioned officer Ferenc Jós Badiny wrote his book (Jézus Király, a pártus herceg) “King Jesus, the Parthian prince”, where.

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Madness in the Media: An anthropological discussion of the significance of theories of cultural and historical primacy illustrated with examples from Hungary and Serbia. In The Open Jss and its Enemies[1] Karl Popper argued that historical determinism, the belief in the inevitability of historical development has been one of the banes of our feenc.

As Popper was well aware, the belief that one state of being must assuredly lead to another, in logical social procession, is a common thought pattern. Since ancient times monarchies have established divine descent for royalty through myth and ceremony. Such claims often include theories of divine descent, [4] and in Western society this was not only the case with the ancients, but was also popular among later dynasties. While not wishing to overemphasize social continuity, and rather wishing to stress the commonality of certain social thought patternsit should be pointed out that attempts have been made to prove the divinity or divine blessedness of individual nations in newer political jx, where legitimacy derives from the nation and no longer the sovereign.

Early patterns of belief may well provide a sort of template fsrenc later extremist thought. However, it might also be argued that the recurrence of such patterns indicates some frrenc psychological need.

Indeed, the fact that finding ancestral links with gods appears among widely separate monarchies the world over may instead indicate that societies arranged on similar lines raise similar psychological needs.

In fact, theories on national primacy in rerenc terms are common. To examine them in our time there is no need to attempt to trace continuity with thought patterns under previous forms of government such as monarchy.

Thus, on the need for genetic-moral superiority, preceding his discussion of continuity in Aryan theories, Leon Poliakov says: Less widespread theories of national historical primacy can gain support among certain splinter-nationalist jw, or may gain a degree of social respectability for a time.

Again, Smith has said: However, in many cases it would be extremely difficult to establish a direct link between new theories of national divinity, and ancient folk beliefs or customs. At most we can say that such theories evoke a sort of social resonance with established religious beliefs or historical tradition. Frrenc example, at times theories of descent from the ten lost tribes of Israel have enjoyed some popularity among a great variety of social groups.

One such theory, that the English were descended from the lost tribes, held a surprising degree of support among a portion of the elite in Victorian Fsrenc. Although now almost dead in its homeland, the British-Israelite theory spread to Canada and the United States where it has proven to be very resilient, and has given birth to a number of extremist movements.

Some scholars have suggested that messianic beliefs in national superiority and holiness such as belief in descent from the lost tribes ferwnc more prevalent in nationalist thought in Eastern Europe.

Badiny Js Ferenc A Valdi Magyar Strtnet Youtube | Tasting Room Traveler

Hence Peter Duncan has written: Among the East European nations the age of empire offered fertile ground for messianic dreams. Such theories of ancient greatness, holiness, or divine selection often rest on similar proofs.

Although always present, such theories generally only gain support among a tiny minority in any given society. Such theories as Sumerian-Hungarian [22] or Celtic-Hungarian [23] continuity theories, and such works as Serbs, The Oldest Nation[24] Hungarian as the most ancient language, [25] The Hungarian Origins of Easter [26] and The Ancient Hungarian Origins of the Wheel [27] are supported, created, or disseminated by scholars from the Hungarian or Serbian diaspora.

This diaspora has played an enormous role in the attempt to find ancient roots in Eastern Europe. Their role amongst extremist movements is also deserving of more complete analysis than can be provided here. Thus, we have the following quote on an individual in Serbia: Djurdjevic […] lived in the West, mostly in America, and returned to Serbia in God Himself sent him back, he says, to help the almost extinguished ancestral Orthodox faith flare up again among the Serbs, who had been de-Christianised and paganised under communism and lived like wild creatures.


Theories such as Serbs as the lost tribes of Israel, Hungarian-Etruscan continuity theories, [29] Serbian as The Oldest Language of the Bible [30] or Olympic Gods from Serbia[31] may be generated by extremely original domestic scholarship.

Such theories aim to prove the highly cultured and ancient nature of the nation. At times this goal becomes exceedingly evident. One such Hungarian scholar, a professor of anthropology Istvan Kiszely, has said of the Hungarians: He goes on to explain to his Hungarian interviewer: We came with our own clothing. And the world inherited the coat […], the hat […], and three-quarter length moccasins from us. Byzantine and Arab writers all mention the unbelievable elegance of even our common people.

Such theories, while shocking, are not surprising, and exist in so-called older democracies, and in transition countries alike – countries that some scholars have argued have a totalitarian legacy [36] that, as Juan J. It is that legacy — difficult to define, conceptualize or describe — that cannot be ignored. Whatever the case, in my view the totalitarian legacy is not demonstrated by the mere existence of theories of cultural preeminence.

To provide such demonstrations, one would have to show that these theories are absent from countries that lack a totalitarian past.

Hungarian Turanism

And this, obviously, is far from being the case. One encounters badny often enough in Western countries with a supposedly entrenched democratic tradition. What is surprising, however, is the degree of penetration such works achieve in some post-communist societies, or rather: In Hungary the works mentioned above are available in a number of shops throughout the country, and are seriously discussed in a range of right-wing media.

Sometimes such theories are featured side-by-side in the same venue. Surprisingly, attempts have been made over time frenc consolidate and combine such seemingly inherently incompatible theories into meta-theory. Furthermore, in Hungary evidence of the penetration of such theories into ordinary life was provided by college entrance exams for the Hungarian language that have included a question asking students to explain the false linguistic premises on which Hungarian-Sumerian continuity theories are based.

This relationship is based on the bdiny sounding and apparently similar words.

Botos Lszl – The Road to the Dictated Peace

As such, it is convincing for those interested in, but unfamiliar with the issue of linguistic relationships. However, the relationship of languages is not proved by accidental coincidences — even if they are numerous – but by regular similarities and differences the so-called regular observations.

In his description of Serbian national myths the political-anthropologist Ivan Colovic has written that extremist Serbian nationalists hold that: But it is at the same time the youngest and freshest nation, it offers the germ of universal, or at least European renewal.

This is possible because this nation stands to one side of historical time, of the irretrievable loss of history. It lives in an eternal present, simultaneously old and young, in an eternal union of the dead, the living and the yet unborn. Anthony Smith has said that: The widespread dissemination of such theories in countries in transition is not necessarily evidence of a higher degree of social pathology, but rather a sign of the relative weakness of the market, the overarching power of certain extremist elite groups, and a low degree of media autonomy.

After all, such literature is published in a range of newer and long-established democracies. The poverty of publishers and of the very small local market, which faces a surfeit of competition, means that publishers are compelled to print virtually everything, regardless of quality, provided that the author can subsidize publication as may be the case with many diaspora authors. Furthermore, the continued party-centered clientelism in Central and Eastern Europe [44] means that most parties, from the extreme right to the left, have established publishing houses or gained control of newspapers, radio stations and other media outlets from whence they may disseminate their views regardless of popularity or market demand.

This attenuates the democratic crisis also common to Western democracies, summarized by a British analyst: As Colin Sparks has put it: The press, too, remains highly politicised and partisan. Addressing the more specific problem of the weakness of local media in transition, Barbara Trionfi has written: The same could have been written of the book publishing market. As an example of the access to media gained by even the least popular politicians, one can again look at Hungary.


It would be wrong to assume that electoral outcomes and hence party popularity are more-or-less mirrored in the market-availability of publications reflecting the views of parties. Furthermore, the party is also able to express its views through a variety of other associated print and electronic media, and not least through sympathetic publishing houses such as Magyar Haz Hungarian House and Gede Testverek Gede Brothers.

Here, Kiraly has clearly added a theory of racial purity to her lecture on Hungarian ancient high culture.

Other Hungarian works that show a direct link between theories of primacy and extremism might also be cited. Another, Was Christ a Jew? Here the link between primacy, superiority and anti-Semitism is unmistakably evident.

Us are even alternative versions of the theory. One of the foremost promulgators of the Sumerian-Hungarian continuity theory from the Hungarian diaspora, Professor Ferenc Badiny-Jos, expounded upon his ideas on television on Hungarian television Z T. Furthermore, according to the professor, Our Lord Jesus was not the child of a Jewess.

Instead Mary was the daughter of a Parthian prince, and thus the immaculate conception happened through the body of a Parthian bdainy. As proof, Badiny-Jos claims that the Shroud of Turin is identical to the shrouds used to bury noble Parthians. Professor Badiny-Jos also proudly announced that the Sumerian theory is now being taught at the Humanities Faculty of the University of Miskolc.

Unfortunately, such theories have been adopted by some of the high and mighty, such as Laszlo Grespik, who unsuccessfully ran as candidate for Parliament for MIEP in Of the several such churches now registered in Hungary, two of them were founded in the country prior to the Second World War. Yet such sects have extremely small congregations, even though their supporters are able to purchase television time. And before leaping to conclusions about extremism in Hungary, we should recall the repeated publication in the United States of: Indeed, despite a law explicitly banning the publication of The Protocols in Hungary, I was able to purchase the book at a metro stop in Budapest in December The difference here is not in content, but rather the share of the market such works enjoy, and the prominent place they are given in the market.

As is the case of pornography, there is a mutually reinforcing reaction between the dissemination of such views and their adoption by certain sectors of the public. Thus, the widespread and party-driven as opposed to market-limited dissemination of hatred may have a long-term effect on society, and the widespread distribution of such theories can evoke resonance among those who may never otherwise have been exposed to them.

This is why racist theories from the West, disseminated by the wealthy Western diaspora, present a threat to the fledgling democracies of transition countries. This is why theories such as those spread by the same ethnic-Serbian American mentioned above, Dr.

The same story recurs, with variations, in all of them: In such an environment, then, the results of a non-representative survey of secondary school students carried out in Budapest and Belgrade in are hardly surprising.

The dramatic fall in the percentage of young Hungarians who feel the country has produced the most saints be the result of religious education, which is an optional subject in Hungarian schools now. Hardly any part of this scenario has been realized […]. Advertising receipts […] are still, or even more than before, the result of political affiliations and subsequently the publisher is a key figure […] who is more committed to his own economic and political interests than to authentic information.

On the contrary, there are more and more links between individual media and centers of power, followed by manipulation of the public. There is something else now. With the exception of a few fanatics, there is sinecure and acquaintanceship.

Instead of the old single-party-line the press with some outstanding exceptions now serves party and corporate interests.

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