P.N Bhagwati, J.— The petitioner is an organisation dedicated to the cause of release of bonded labourers in the country. The system of bonded labour has. Bandhua Mukti Morcha (BMM) or Bonded Labour Liberation Front (BLLF) is a non-governmental organisation in India working to end bonded labour. Based in New Delhi, it was founded in by Swami Agnivesh who continues as its chairman. Bonded labour was legally abolished in India in but remains prevalent, in India is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v · t · e. Bandhua Mukti Morcha of India, (3) SCC (Para 4) 2. S.P. Gupta v. Union of India, (2) SCR (Para 3). JUDGEMENT: O R D E R 1.

Author: Kazrazahn JoJojin
Country: Qatar
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Travel
Published (Last): 11 April 2017
Pages: 100
PDF File Size: 4.83 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.15 Mb
ISBN: 243-7-85065-948-1
Downloads: 20608
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Voodoorisar

Technical and professional education shall be made available and higher education shall equally be accessible to all on the basis of merit. These children are denied their fundamental right to childhood, to education, to play and to dream like a normal child. They are forced to work all day. If appropriate facility is provided the workmen beyond their working hours can also muktu scope for learning the three Rs and this could be through a process of adult education with State support under the relevant scheme.

Every nation, developed or developing, links its future with the status indla the child.

State parties shall take legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to ensure the implementation of the present article. Pragmatic, realistic and constructive steps and actions are required to be taken to enable the child belonging to poor, weaker sections, Dalits and Tribes and minorities, enjoy their childhood and develop their full blossomed personality — educationally, intellectually and culturally — with a spirit of inquiry, reform and enjoyment of leisure.

Jain gave a very detailed report to the Court which is on record and to which reference has to be made in a later part of our order.

The Central Government and the Haryana Government will take all necessary steps for the purpose of ensuring that minimum wages are paid to the workmen employed in stone quarries and stone crushers. Article 32 of the Constitution. Indai those workmen who will be working there have to be protected from the vagaries of employment and the anxiety of the employer to draw work without adequate payments, the authorities of the State of Haryana must take care to protect the workmen from the hands of the employer by ensuring compliance with the laws and if there be any vacuum in the laws, the State of Haryana should rise to play the role of a welfare State and play it well.

If payment of wages is made on truck basis, the Central Government should direct the appropriate officer to determine the measurement of each truck as to how many cubic feet of stone it can contain and print or inscribe such measurement on the truck so that appropriate wage is received by the workmen and they are not cheated.


On 4th February,this Court directed: Ban kukti employment of children must begin from most hazardous and intolerable activities like slavery, bonded labour, trafficking, prostitution, pornography and dangerous forms of labour and the like. The State of Haryana must come forward to play its role in a better way.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha versus Union of India AIR 1984 SC 802

Conditions of Service Mu,ti, This is a paid feature. The concerned inspecting officers will visit the quarries once in every fortnight and if they find any labourer injured or suffering from illness, they will provide medical and legal assistance. Article 32 or for that matter morchq other article does not lay down any procedure which has to be followed to move this Court for relief against the violation of any fundamental right. Haryana as we find has made substantial indix compared to many other States of the country and there is some amount of welcome consciousness in the administration of the State.

The picture placed by the Committee in regard to wages does not mukyi one different from what had been recorded by this Court when the original case was disposed of in The Commission visited several villages, personally contacted the parents of the children in different places and found that the children were taken against their wishes and are wrongfully forced to work as bonded labour in the carpet industries.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha – Wikipedia

Thank you madam it helped me a lot. The bane of the poverty is the root of child labour and the children are being subjected to deprivation of their meaningful right to life, leisure, food, shelter, medical aid and education. As stated earlier, their employment — either forced or voluntary — is occasioned due to economic necessity; exploitation of their childhood due to poverty, in particular, the poor and the deprived sections of the society, is detrimental to democracy and social stability, unity and integrity of the nation.

To ensure that the mine lessees and owners of stone crushers provide proper and adequate medical treatment to the workmen and their families free of cost. After evolving the principles, a copy thereof is directed to be forwarded to the Registry of this Court.

Supreme Court Of India17 Feb India, the largest democratic country in the world, has 65 million bonded child labourers, and million adult labourers living a life of bondage and contemporary forms of slavery, according to our estimates. Article 39 e of the Constitution enjoins that the State shall direct its policy towards securing the health and strength of workers, men and women; and the children of tender age will not be abused; the citizens should not be forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength.

You’ve reached your limit of free research.

The matter was heard and arguments were concluded. The system of bonded labor has been prevalent in various parts of muktu country since long prior to the attainment of political freedom and it constitutes an ugly and shameful feature of our national life.


Before this Court proceeds to exercise its powers under Article 32 of the Constitution for enforcing the fundamental rights guaranteed, this Court has to be satisfied that there has been a violation of the fundamental rights.

The Committee, therefore, has recommended that the principal employer should be made liable for implementation of indka directions both of law and the court. Sub-section 2 of Section 8.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha

N Phadke, Senior Advocate and K. B Rohtagi and S. The main contention of the petitioner group is that employment of the children in any industry or in a hazardous industry, is violative of Article 24 of the Constitution and v.unioj to the mandates contained in Articles 39 e and f and 45 of the Constitution read with the Preamble. That is how, exploitation thrives notwithstanding the intervention of this Court.

Bandhua Mukti Morcha versus Union of India AIR SC – LawSchoolNotes

If the workers were insufficient in number, a doctor could be taken as a visitor to the area at frequent intervals and instead of a regular school one single teacher could be provided to mukt after the health of the people.

It is this elevated society that everyone must look forward to. However, topics discussed in different camps were more or less the same. Union of India [24] wherein it was held that a person can file a petition on behalf of another acting pro bono public. The system thus provides a built-in mechanism for continuation of exploitation of the under-privileged ineia of the society by the privileged few living therein. Virtually, they are being treated as slaves and are subjected to physical torture revealed by the presence of marks of violence on their person.

Administrative and political will to carry out the Constitutional mandate and enforce prohibitive laws of the land failed to produce any results. It is, therefore, the duty of the State to provide facilities and opportunities to the children driven to child labour to develop their personality as responsible citizens. Therefore, education is compulsory.

Email required Address never made public. Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.

He noticed absence of sufficient drinking water facility, bamdhua provision for schooling of the children of the bonded labourers and want of appropriate medical facility. Apart from these, he also found that the jhuggis were very small, unhygienic and did not constitute reasonable accommodation for human use.

The petitioner also annexed to its letter, statements in original bearing the thumb marks or signatures as the case may be of these bended labourers muukti to in the letter.

Subscribe US Now