Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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The wood is the original camwood of commerce, now known as African sandlewood. Right plant wrong place.

Baphia nitida

Leaf extracts also demonstrated analgesic activity in mice. Baphia angolensis sensu Lester-Garland Baphia barombiensis Taub.

The leaves have also been used as an enema to treat constipation[ ]. Read more about the Fabales order.

Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 – 30? Herbage vaphia and quality in four woody forage plants in a subhumid environment in Ghana.

Baphia nitida often grows as an understorey tree in wetter parts of coastal regions, in rainforest, in secondary forest and on abandoned farmland, from sea-level up to m altitude. It can be made into violin bows, umbrella handles, walking sticks and table legs. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum L.


Substitutes for camwood are the dyes obtained from other insoluble redwoods, such as Benin camwood Baphia pubescens Hook. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference All stub articles.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages. In Nigeria the seeds are eaten by Igbo people and the twigs are used as chewing sticks. In the Colour Index the number of the dye is and it is classified as Natural Red 22, together with other redwoods. Combined with Senna occidentalis, it is drunk against asthma; in combination with the leaves of Morinda lucida it is a treatment against female sterility and painful menstruation[ ].

Prefers a position in full sun, tolerating light shade[ ].

Many-stemmed erect shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall with glabrous to densely pubescent branchlets. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida x – 83k flickr. Journal of the Chemical Society. Baphia nitida – Lodd. Fruit a compressed pod 8— Baphia nitida planted as shade tree obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. Phytotherapy Research 6 3: Baphia nitida foliage obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore.

During colonial times it was exported from West Africa to textile mills in Europe where it was ground as a pigment for dyeing wool and preparing cotton and linen for indigo dyeing. By nitica this nirida, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Baphia nitida – Wikipedia

Seeds almost circular in outline, 1—1. Baphia nitida x – 31k – jpg tropicalplant. Camwood has long been used in traditional African medicine.

In Nigeria, Tiv people colour the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a swarm to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their body with the dye paste to prevent bee-stings[ ].

Prefers a pH in the range 5 – 5. There are citation in web searches related to Baphia nitida Lodd.

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A guide to the wayside trees of Singapore. Roots have medicinal properties as well. There are 1 news article citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd. A decoction of the leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes[ bqphia. It belongs to the family Sterculiaceae and is common in semi-deciduous rainforests from Sierra Leone to Gabon and Congo, including secondary forests where it may fill gaps as a pioneer species.

Baphia nitida SH baphia nitida. Please view the copyright link for more information. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

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