Efecto Stroop. Estimated time to complete lab: 15 minutes. Background. When you first learned to tie your shoelaces, you needed to think. IN SERIAL VERBAL REACTIONS. J. Ridley Stroop (). George Peabody College. First published in Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, La mayoría de los investigadores interpretan que este patrón de resultados, conocido como efecto Stroop emocional, refleja una interferencia entre el.
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The word stimulus has been associated with the specific response ‘to read,’ while the color stimulus has been associated with various responses: When an error was left the subject’s attention was called to that fact as soon as the sheet was finished.
All subjects were in the experimental room a few minutes before beginning work to allow the eyes to adjust to light conditions.
Hábitos lectores y motivación entre estudiantes universitarios
En la Figura 5 se presentan los resultados obtenidos en dos grupos de participantes, uno con puntuaciones elevadas y otro bajas en ansiedad-rasgo.
Explicar las instrucciones de la tarea y pedir al participante que lea las instrucciones adicionales por escrito en la pantalla del ordenador.
It increased the variability of the group. Only a few errors were left uncorrected.
The present problem grew out of experimental work in color naming and word reading conducted in Jesup Psychological Laboratory at George Peabody College For Teachers. It increased the interference of conflicting color stimuli upon reading words.
He is indebted to Dr. Interference in etecto verbal reactions has been studied by means of newly devised experimental materials.
Comparing digits in incongruent trials e. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat We recommend downloading the newest version of Flash here, but we support all versions 10 and above. La palabra- target siempre era un adjetivo autodescriptivo.
Classics in the History of Psychology — Stroop ()
Several studies have been published which were not primarily studies of interference, but which employed materials that were similar in nature to those employed in this research, and which are concerned with why it takes more time to name colors than to read color names.
The correlation between gain and loss in absolute stoop is. This is to be known as the “Naming color or word test where the color of the print and the word are different” NCWd. Only college years one and two contain a sufficient number of cases for efetco purposes.
The time for reading names of colors had been compared with the time for naming colors themselves. The source of the interference is in the materials themselves. Stroop, in the third experiment, tested his participants at different stages of practice at the tasks and stimuli used in the first and second experiments, examining learning effects. For example, the warped words Stroop effect produces the same findings similar to the original Stroop effect.
En la parte inferior se presentan datos equivalentes cuando la valencia era diferente. The emotional Stroop effect emphasizes the conflict between the emotional relevance to the individual and the word; whereas, the classic Stroop effect examines the conflict between the incongruent color and word.
Activity in this region increases when the probability efwcto an error is higher.
This reliable sex-difference favoring the females in naming colors agrees with the findings of Woodworth-WellsBrownLigonetc. Behavior Reserach and Therapy27 It is called semantic interference since it is usually accepted that the relationship in meaning between ink color and word is at the root of the interference.
En la parte superior se muestra el efecto cuando se repite la valencia en ensayos consecutivos. A study of the formation of habits. Reference to Table VI shows a gain of The subject was seated near a window so as to have good daylight illumination from the left side.
Digits symbolize numerical values but they also have physical sizes. The coefficient of variability is increased from. The difference in the time for reading the words printed in colors and the same words printed in black is the measure of the interference of color stimuli upon reading words.