This page contains the US Army Field Manual on The Infantry Battalion. FM INFANTRY FIELD MANUAL. RIFLE BATTALION. This manual, together with FM , June 2, and FM 7 May , supersedes FM Topics enemy, battalion, commander, operations, infantry, force, combat, support, units, Identifier milmanual-fmthe-infantry-battalion.
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FM 7 20 The Infantry Battalion
This is the movement of forces, relative to the enemy, to secure or retain a positional advantage. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
The fundamental combat mission of the infantry battalion, regardless of the type of battalion, is to close with the enemy by means of fire and maneuver to destroy or capture him or to repel his assaults by fire, close combat, and counterattack. Command and Control The concept must clearly focus the main effort at a decisive point and must clearly designate the effects tasks and purposes of the subordinates.
Reconnaissance and Surveillance This is preserving the unit’s fighting potential so it can be applied at the decisive time and place. He fights forward and issues orders as needed, orally and face-to-face when possible.
Conduct of a Linkup Attack of Fortified Positions and Strongpoints Categories of Combat Service Support Infantry forces can operate effectively in low-intensity, mid-intensity, or high-intensity conflict and in most terrain and weather conditions. With or without augmentation, the battalion constructs obstacles, emplaces and clears minefield, prepares demolitions, improves roads, provides bridging, and digs fighting positions.
Mid-intensity to high-intensity conflicts may be chaotic, intense, and destructive. Combat units must maneuver to win. This includes using appropriate control measures, conducting rehearsals, and ensuring soldiers understand the rules of engagement. Command is a personalized function in which the commander controls the battlefield interaction of his units and weapons with the terrain and enemy.
Characteristics of Defensive Operations Attack helicopters may also maneuver against the enemy and are most effective against enemy armored formations. He must be proficient and confident, and must lead by example.
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Thermal sights permit them to fight during limited visibility almost as well as in good visibility. Confident, competent leaders are needed at all levels to train, discipline, and motivate units to achieve superior combat power. Helicopters, when bttalion with infantry to form an air assault task force, are a valuable maneuver asset. Exchange of Equipment Schedule of Fires The speed with which forces can concentrate and the high volumes of supporting fires they can bring to bear make the mixing infzntry opposing forces almost inevitable.
These actions include security, camouflage, deception, suppression, and mobility.
Public Affairs Support Top-Down Fire Planning MK 19 mm Grenade Machine Gun Synchronization is both a process and a result. Soldiers must be constantly alert for and avoid situations that may result in injury or death.
FM 7-20 The Infantry Battalion
Combat power is the ability to fight. The second component includes all actions taken to keep soldiers healthy and maintain their fighting morale, and to diminish the impact of severe weather. Integration of Combat Support Passage of Command It means that, when an opportunity presents itself, the commanders may depart from planned actions to hasten mission accomplishment.
Combat power includes the numbers of weapons systems and soldiers; the unit’s state of training, cohesion, discipline, and morale; and the leader’s and soldiers’ tenacity, battaliln, and boldness.
FM – The Infantry Battalion –
The efforts of the battalion must be synchronized. Antiarmor Company and Platoons Receipt of Mission Locations and Types of Obstacles The rifle company is the basic maneuver element of the battalion. Tje of a Rearward Passage It may be supported by a Stinger section, a Vulcan platoon, or both from the divisional ADA battalion. It can close with and destroy enemy infantry.
Defense Against Infiltration Suppression of Enemy Air Defense It requires commanders to maintain an offensive infanhry. To do this without jeopardizing the higher plan requires that the commander understand and work within the intent of the commander two levels up.
Assets from CS and CSS are positioned to sustain the main effort and to provide flexibility to the plan. Scheme of Maneuver Combat engineers may augment the battalion, providing expertise, equipment, and limited manpower.
Personnel Services Support The artillery FSE may also contribute by passing targeting information to the S2.