English] Mitra-Varuna: an essay on two Indo-European representations / Georges Dumezil. Inc. translated by Derek Coltman p.I’ 3-dcI9 BL6. Indo- European. In his work, the late Georges Dumézil, arguably the most important modern mythologist, In effect, Mitra-Varuna presents an archaeology of representations of. Mitra-Varuna by Georges Dumezil, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.

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In fact, there is a nymph called Egeria who resides, as a secondary divinity, in the famous wood of Diana, where the rex nemorensis succumbed so frequently to his fate before encountering Frazer and immortality.

Codes 1 Little inclined as they were to the supernatural, the Romans have nevertheless made it very plain that Codes, in this combat, was more than an ordinary man; that he mastered his enemies more by the force of his personality and good luck than by any physical means; and that his enemies were unable to get near him.

The Pious Line and the Warlike Line: Romulus, then, in direct contrast to the flamen dialis, was a binder and also a flogger, since his escort carries both kinds of weapon and since the lictors of the historical era carried the virga in addition to their fasces. To say that Livy took this or that from Valerius Antias does not mean that we know whether Valerius Antias invented it or borrowed it, with a greater or lesser degree of distortion, either from a particular author, genteel tradition or mere rumor.

The objection is a weak one. Advanced search Search history. Moreover, this characteristic is certainly ancient since in Iran, although the Avesta and the Mazdean texts speak of the Gandarova Gandarep.

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Romulus and Numa, varruna two sovereign founders of the city, the worshippers of Jupiter and Fides, are neither its only kings nor even the only two founders of its state institutions.

The Best Books of The economic element is, on the contrary, in the very forefront of an Irish myth that should probably be placed in this context – less for its coupled sovereign gods than for the temporary usurper it presents – and which is all the more interesting for simultaneously being – according to whichever point of view one takes – both the homologue and an inversion of the Germanic myth.

Jonathan rated it really liked it Oct 14, Gaia prophesied victory for Zeus if he won the allegiance of those who had been cast into Tartarus n m ra An txpnas rhv vhuiv, tovq KaTaTaprapudkvTaQ av mita ovppdxove.


Then, cursed by the angered rsi, this greedy king, who had become drunk with his own strength and thus lost all sense balamadad nastasamjno naradhipahperished.

They also caruna opposed like Varuna and Mitra, with whom there is an even more exact correspondence with the Roman couple – with a masculine form of Fides – Jupiter and Dius Fidius.

Arnold has just published a book entitled Mavors. In effect, Mitra-Varuna presents an archaeology of representations of religious and political power. From these facts considered as a whole, it becomes evident that, in every respect, the name Mars Thincsus is a very fitting one for this god of law.

Thus these two specifications of Georgea coincide in this respect: Ettore Pais has drawn attention to the fact that the temple of Dius Fidius, who is certainly akin to Fides, was located on the coliis Mucialis, the name of which calls to mind the gens Mucia, and he has concluded that the myth of the burnt right hand originated in some variety of ordeal.

And perhaps, indeed, the thought of the Indo-Europeans might well have found, in the facts we are dealing with here, both the material and the instrument for a Chinese-style systematization.

What to me seemed to have come from the Indo-European fund can no longer be regarded as more than fable, matter for literature alone, not for worship. The work of the Iranian reformers would then have consisted in a successful attempt to improve the morals of this ancient sorcerer, on the one hand, and, on the other, to isolate him in a position far above all other divine entities cf.

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Perhaps it was not in order to become the divine lawyer that Tyr lost his right hand, but, it was at the very least because he was the lawyer that he, alone among the gods, was the one who did in fact lose his hand. Thanks for telling vafuna about the problem.

The other, to which I have returned several times, has not yet provided results clear enough to permit the publication of anything other tnan fragments specifically: The flamen dialis may not touch or even name a dog Plutarch, Roman Questions, ; the brahman may not read the Vedas when mifra hears a dog bark Manu, IV nor eat food that has touched a dog, or has come from people who breed dogs ibid.

This hypothesis, long accepted without argument, has subsequently been hotly disputed – wrongly, in my belief. Uranos – and this is partly true of his doublet, Kronos, too – does not fight and has no weapon. And all types of relations, even those between man and god and god and man, are conceived of in accordance with one and the same model: Then they shower him with javelins undiquein unum hostem tela coniiciunt ; but all stick bristling in his shield, and he, stubborn dumfzil unmoved, mltra with giant strides to hold the bridge neque ille minus obstinatusingentipontem obtineretgradu VI, 1,dumwzil Arvales sacrificed Summano patri verbeces atros.


A religious concept is rarely to be defined by a point, but more often by an interval, by a zone in which variable movements, unstable relationships, are established between two poles.

Mitra-Varuna: An Essay on Two Indo-European Representations of Sovereignty by Georges Dumézil

VIIthe model of physical force, the divinity whose name the Romans translated as Hercules. In his work the late Georges Dumezil, arguably the most important modern mythologist, demonstrated that every Indo-European religious and social system was structured according to three primary functions: This mythological consonance between Rome and the Germanic world is reinforced by a linguistic one: In historical times, flamen dialis and flamen Georgfs were accepted as being equivalent terms.

Oceanos excepted, the Titans attacked their father, and Kronos cut off his genitals and hurled them into the sea.

Dumezil lays out a clear, if somewhat meandering, argument for a double-sovereignty motif in Indo-European thought. It began to emerge very early, however, under the influence, Granet thinks, of hierogamic representations such as Earth-Heaven, Water-Fire and the like, which are so important in all Chinese speculation.

Juniores et Seniores It seems that the Luperci and the flamines were also antithetically differentiated as iuniores and seniores. The angry gods asked Rudra, king of the beasts, to pierce him with an arrow. In order to escape varyna death, Sunahsepa prays to various gods; first to Prajapati, who passes him on to Agni, who passes him on to Savitr, who sends him back to Vauna The ruses he employs are still famous.

But we have not been reasoning in the abstract; rather, we have simply drawn up a register of concrete facts.

On the human level, Romulus is the true founder of Rome, while Numa, historically, is only the dumezill, his second. Marcel Granet LaPensee Chinoise, pp. In Mitra-Varuna he develops this general theory but concentrates on the most important of these functions:

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