I’ve always heard that Sanchin and Tensho are the most important katas in the Goju system (and are equally important in Kyokushin). Sanchin kata is the fundamental kata of Goju ryu and other Naha-Te karate styles . While it looks basic and simple, in reality it takes years to master. Here are. This page will help you to learn Sanchin, one of the katas used in Goju-Ryu Karate. Meaning of the Sanchin kata is “Three Battles”.

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Today all of them are cited as masters without question. Many advanced breathing techniques are exercised in this stance.

Oddly, it is the easiest of the three to achieve. And my shihan told us the same…. Three Battles – Mind, Body, Spirit Each kata is examined from three perspectives —mind, body, and spirit.

I’ve practised this kata for a long, long time, and in the context of my training, I always understood it to be an isometric strengthening exercise for the body, which trained you to take some hard hits instructors can be pretty ruthless in testing your stance and control your breathing.

Upon execution of the technique, the exhalation is completed. However the version we practice is a longer version than the Goju one with two turns, albeit these don’t really add additional movements to the kata still repeating the punch block sequence. Miyagi then took out the turns in the form his instructor Higashionna taught to create another version of the kata.

Mechanics Tactics And Strategy. So use your breathing to heighten the internal pressure, making your nervous system more excited.

The Double-Edged Sword – Sanchin

Well, once — a long time ago — I was at some kind of event in Okinawa when I noticed a famous Goju-ryu master drinking a beer.


The other kata are what result in a tangible product, but you couldn’t do as good of a job without the underlying skills in Sanchin, just like a carpenter with no understanding of math can build a chair, but it won’t be as good as if he knew geometry. Kris Wilder has some nice lines that summarise this view paraphrased from memory:. This prompted tactics involving use of both hands equally to contro lthe centre line and clear defenses and strike.

– Sanchin Kata Fundamentals

I do think compared swnchin other katas it’s the odd one out because I don’t believe it was originally a kata: Kris Wilder has some nice lines that summarise this view paraphrased from memory: Breath control also keeps the body sanfhin and improves stamina. Some people are of the opinion that Sanchin is primarily a routine for structure and conditioning, but, like you Sensei Iain, I like to make things hard for myself and have a practical, self-protection basis for all kata.

So, seen from that perspective, Sanchin is something of a double-edged sword: Squeeze your fist until it whitens.

To the classic practitioner of sanchin kata, none of these perspectives—mind, body, or spirit—excludes the others. Miyagi then took out the turns in the form his instructor Kanryo Higashionna taught to create another version of the kata.

As such it would be teaching kaata skills necessary for stabilty, grappling, gripping, locking, breathing and dealing with an opponent’s body mass. However, its height makes it easy for you to deliver kicks. The movements and principles of the tensho kata are also strikingly similar to Ngo Cho Kun, and it seems the similarities are by no means coincidental.


The fact of the matter is that the Okinawan version of sanchin kata, no matter what the school or ryu, derives from forms originating from jata China. Each kata is examined from three perspectives —mind, body, and spirit. For many of the fighting styles from Fujian in southern China, their strategy was to strike at close range.

There are currently 2 users online. The name Sanchin, meaning three battles, is sometimes interpreted as the battle to unify the mind, body, and spirit ; however, there are other interpretations of it, [1] and many esoteric notions with it.

Sanchin & The 4 Secrets of The Skill of Strength

The very basic kata in Okinawa-style karate is sanchin, and it has been understood historically that you master karate only if you master this kata. Percussive striking forces the body into a form of protection. If the techniques of the other kata are the trees, Sanchin is the rain that nourishes them all. It can be described as Uchi-hachiji-dachi with one foot moved forward until the toes of the rear foot are on the same horizontal line as the heel of the front foot. Unlike most Karate katas which appear to have been developed in Okinawa under the influence of Chinese masters Sanchin existed and was practiced, and still is, in China in a number of different arts and styles.

The work of uncovering, deciphering, and contextualizing historical information is a task that must involved educated speculation where contradictions, limited and unreliable source material and other hurdles exist.

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