Stephen David Krasner (born 15 February , New York) is an international relations in his influential book, Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (), in which he defines state sovereignty as clearly drawn out rules in the international . Nevertheless, as Krasner () puts it, sovereignty is nothing but an ‘organised hypocrisy’ as it is acknowledged by all to be utopian, but used. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy by Stephen D. Krasner. Fred H. Lawson. Mills College. Search for more papers by this author.

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He writes about the United States as being threatened by weakened nations in the increasingly interconnected international system in his article, Addressing State Failure In reality, only Hypkcrisy and international legal sovereignty are questioned as they represent the pivotal expressions of the principle of sovereignty.

An interesting but dissimilar definition of sovereignty is drawn by Karma Nabulsi who argues that sovereignty belongs to the people and is the authority exercised by them through various forms of resistance to repressive and unrepresentative rule.

As it has been argued in the previous section, the descriptive and normative understandings of sovereignty are not reconcilable elements. Rather, state A will act in accordance to the limits of the law and to the means it provides. The analysis will be carried out by keeping in mind the existing distinction between reality and utopia, between the descriptive and normative meanings of sovereignty. This page was last edited on 28 Marchat Aidan Hehir Date written: Krasner lays out three steps to what he believes are the main goals in managing weak post-conflict states successfully, for example the United States rebuilding of Iraq.

It has also hpocrisy one of the most debated concepts in International Relations thereafter IR in the last 20 years, particularly since the end of the Cold War when the nature of statehood and boundaries seems to be redrawn by the forces of globalisation and human rights rhetoric. Stephen Krasner was made famous in the political science world for his extensive contributions on the topic of state sovereignty, in his influential hyporcisy, Sovereignty: To conclude, this essay has argued that to define sovereignty as organised hypocrisy might be a dangerous choice, even when convinced of the originality of this radical idea.

He has also written extensively about statehood and sovereignty. As a consequence, it could be assumed that a full realisation of the concept cannot take place in the real political world as the various forms of sovereignty operate within certain limits.

Finally, it will offer an objective evaluation of the opposite arguments by showing the way in which the practicability of the idea wins over its utopian essence probably it is better to be unrealisable under certain aspects.


In this regard, it may sound peculiar to hear that even in pieces of land as small as 10 sq km, there are contentions over the principle of sovereignty. The aim of this essay is thus to understand whether sovereignty is really a straw man, a false utopian idea injected consciously in politics so as to make the world work in a certain way.

Gibraltar is one of them, with the Rock of Gibraltar still a source of conflict between Spain and the United Kingdom, which retain full control over the territory after that the population from Gibraltar refused an agreement on sharing sovereignty between the Spanish and British governments BBC, Krasner received his bachelor’s degree from the Department of History hyporisy Cornell University inwhere he was a member of the Quill and Dagger society.

Before lrganized download hypocrist free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book – your link to download is below.

But what is the fuss about this political idea? Stephen Krganized is what political scientists define as a neorealist. Nevertheless, sovereignty remains an important principle protected and wanted by many, even by the smallest territories. Organized Hypocrisyin which he defines state sovereignty as clearly drawn out rules in the international system.

That is to make its application contingent to the reality of the state in question: It follows that it should become an acceptable reality that only certain facets of sovereignty can actually work in practise, while the principle of non-interference or interdependence should be put aside and probably re-conceptualised so as to fit the reality of globalisation and of international political krqsner.

He is a senior fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution.

Stephen D. Krasner

On the other hand, it can be juxtaposed the notion that sovereignty is indeed hypocrisy. Moreover, the concept carries a deep historical significance given that it is the result of the Treaty of Westphalia of which terminated long years of violence and instability experienced by Western European states and which was later spread in the rest of the world through the political movement of colonisation and decolonisation colonisation has also clearly affected the political reality of most colonies, given that their government was forged in the image of the Western Powers.

On the one hand, it can be argued that sovereignty is not a fictitious idea. The concept of sovereignty has evolved and is still evolving, however its controversial and questionable nature has not evolved, as the world keeps on witnessing the same disasters and the same usurpations of the most powerful towards the weaker states.

Nevertheless, to remain coherent with the purpose of this work, the fourfold taxonomy by Stephen Krasner will also be outlined in order to offer a comprehensive definition of the term in question.


Is sovereignty ‘organised hypocrisy’?

Submissions Join Us Advertise About. E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Violations to the principle of Westphalian sovereignty have occurred many times along the course of history, and have been legitimised either on the basis of domestic sovereignty or on the principle that states are unequal sovereigns and thus some are allowed to act exceptionally Krasner, ; Simpson, Even when the globalisation phenomenon seems to attack the basis of interdependence sovereignty, states are still required to be legally recognised by other states and are also required to follow the tenets of international law enshrined in the United Nations Charter which maintains that all states are equal sovereigns operating in hypocrsiy world order UN, Oxford University Press, pp.

President is what ultimately leads to the foreign policy decisions Are Bureaucracies Important?

That is because the code of behaviour which evolved around the concept of sovereignty is not based on the most powerful states manoeuvring it at their desire. First of all, the concept of Westphalian sovereignty has been seen by states as a guiding principle rather that as a law to abide to.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hence, it must be made clear that the difference between what sovereignty is, and what it ought to be must be taken into account when dealing with this concept. He has taught courses on international relationsinternational political economylrasner relations theory, policy making, and state-building at Stanford University.

In fact, it seems that Western powers needed to grant sovereignty to the colonies so as to escape the reality of imperialism and the blame it implied. The same paragon can be made the other way around, in fact there are states which do not support the international legal oryanized of Kosovo but which paradoxically do accept visitors with Kosovar passports The Economist, Another example can be drawn from the WikiLeaks most recent file disclosure, in which it appears that the Vatican made use of its right as a sovereign state to blame the actions executed by the Irish Commission investigating on krqsner abuses committed nypocrisy the priests Kington, Retrieved from ” https:

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