WHY WAS THE NATIVE LAND HUSBANDRY ACT OF FOLLOWED BY RESISTENCE AND UNGOVERNABILITY AMONG THE AFRICANS? The Native. The Native Land Husbandry Act of Southern Rhodesia: a failure in land reform. Responsibility: by Mary Elizabeth Bulman. Imprint: Salisbury: Tribal Areas of. land allocation, , , , , , management, pests Agenda 83, 87 Native Land Husbandry Act, (Zimbabwe), , natural world.

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The massive transfer of land to those who, for many years have been deprived of this resource calls for a major rethinking of the process of land reform on the African continent.

This was a way of laying claim to the vacant plots on behalf of their children who were staying with them or were away performing wage labour.

In this article it refers to the process of restructuring the distribution of land ownership rights particularly after independence in It is a challenge that is also steeped in the massive rural-to-urban drift particularly after independence, with people searching for employment opportunities, sustenance and decent livelihoods.

Chief Wozhele of Sanyati, together with his royal lineage, were simply not prepared to give up their practice of overploughing because in Rhodesdale they had successfully cultivated fields of up to 40 acres which was five times the standard allocation in Sanyati. Three major interpretations inform the demands for land by incumbent plotholders and communal farmers in Zimbabwe.

At the Gowe Irrigation Scheme, demands for more land or bigger plot sizes have also been voiced for many years since the inauguration of the scheme.

Literature that sufficiently contextualises post-independence agrarian and development policies and their changing nature has been published by S.

Kanogo, Squatters and the Roots of Mau Mau James Curry, London,p 10, “squatting” denotes an African permitted to reside on a European farmer’s land”, on condition that he worked for the owner for a “specified period”. The irrigation era the s onwards ushered in new and radical forms of stating claims to land. During the war and with the Unilateral Declaration of Independence UDI inIan Douglas Smith the then prime minister of Rhodesia tried to appease Africans who had been disgruntled by being forcibly moved to infertile pieces of land by both the NLHA and the Land Tenure Act, by setting up irrigation projects in their areas.

An increase in population in Sanyati after the influx from Rhodesdale soon led to a sub-division of the ot allocated land alnd cultivation.

Colonial authorities erroneously assumed that the European concept of proprietary ownership covered the full range of customary land-rights in Africa.


The Sanyati hinterland in the pre-irrigation phase In the pre-colonial and early colonial times, Sanyati was not a very popular destination for land claimants because of its frontier location; its inhospitable temperatures, poor and predominantly sandy soils; and its problems of tsetse infestation.

Zimbabwe – The Native Land Husbandry Act,

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Churu farm, on the outskirts of Harare, was Rev.

An additional telephonic interview was conducted with A. In the Gowe Irrigation Scheme, some farmers were able to hsbandry their holdings by illegally laying claim to plots vacated by those going back to their dryland homes, or those who had just acquired land in the NPA. In this article, the definition of tenant or outgrower is synonymous with plotholder, smallholder, “settler” or peasant.

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Services on Demand Article. Other plots fell vacant when farmers voluntarily moved back to their dryland holdings to purchase land in small-scale commercial husbandr areas formerly NPAs or when inactive holders were forcibly evicted for various offences.

These limitations were staunchly resisted especially by the “immigrant” category of farmers who kept relatively larger herds of cattle and were accustomed to ploughing bigger pieces acy land in Rhodesdale. It seemed that generally speaking, the government was closing its eyes to land xct and the people of Gowe-Sanyati in north-western Zimbabwe decided to join the fray.

M, Africans on Land. Firstly, outgrowers want more land, part of which they can bequeath to their landless offspring. Woodhouse, “Officially’ Forbidden but Not Suppressed: Because of the commotion around the Svosve people’s land struggles, the United Nations Development Programme UNDP organised a conference in Harare to discuss the incident and the best way of resolving the land issue peaceably.

Culture of Zimbabwe – history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, husbandgy A team of stakeholders was tasked by the government to draft the constitution, which appeared in February The African evictees were targeted for forced resettlement in the sparsely populated frontier regions of Sanyati and Gokwe in the s under the Native Land Husbandry Act. The government eventually managed lznd suppress these farm onslaughts. We have neither large areas of flat land nor unlimited husbandfy resources in this country, but to accommodate the growing native population every available acre will have to be put to maximum use.

This was the self-allocation of land to boost their prospects for accumulation. The ANC was banned because of its involvement in the violent protests in the native reserves. You have entered an incorrect email address!


This international conference came at a time when there was concern that the Rukuni Commission Report of should have been implemented earlier. The Gowe-Sanyati land struggles are but a small microcosm of lanc broader process.

Thus, the proposed new constitution which included a land re-distribution clause, was subsequently rejected.

After all, the people had struggled to regain the land. This article explores the trends that culminated in the land seizures in Zimbabwe.

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Pangeti, “The State and Manufacturing Industry: These taxes were primarily instituted to procure African labour for European-owned enterprises and succeeded in forcing many landless people from the newly created, infertile and inhospitable “reserves” to search for 191zimbabwe on white-owned farms and on the mines. In terms of the law, the relevant minister could appropriate all land or terminate any right of use or occupation over such land after serving the affected people with a written notice three months in advance, provided that those whose land was taken were 1951ziimbabwe either with land elsewhere or with cash.

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Tshuma gives a plausible explanation of how customary tenure vested title to land in the colonial state, hence facilitating administrative control of rural society. Tshuma, A Matter of In Justice. Added to this, in Sanyati their male counterparts were constantly dissatisfied with their small plots, let alone another eviction which was looming for those who had occupied land that was designated for estate irrigation agriculture in the early s.

The following lists events that happened during in Southern Rhodesia Sufficient evidence exists in the historiography of Zimbabwean land policy to show that the quest for land and attendant rights pre-dated the agrarian reforms the redistribution of public and private agricultural lands, regardless of produce and tenurial arrangements, to landless farmers and regular farm workers 7 in the country. They too were not spared from government action either. A brief synopsis For many years, clamours for land and concomitant rights have dominated not only the history of Gowe-Sanyati in the northwest, but also that of Zimbabwe more generally.

The Political Economy of Land in For many years, clamours for land and concomitant rights have dominated not only the history of Gowe-Sanyati in the northwest, but also that of Zimbabwe more generally. However, they were forcibly removed by the government.

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