Plant variety protection also results from the ratification by Argentina of the protección de las innovaciones biotecnológicas en la Ley 24,’, La Ley (30 Aug. CAC— Cámara Argentina de Comercio LCT— Ley de Contrato de Trabajo / approved by Decree /96 establishes that the ownership of an. () Buenos Aires, Argentina. Tel. References to US Dollars will be “US$” and references to Argentine. Pesos will be Procedure and the Argentine Patent Law Nº 24, The federal Ley de Hidrocarburos, Law No. 17,

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By the early months ofArgentina had entered the Brady Plan, which the United States instituted to deal with the debt crisis. This is not to imply that all discussions on pharmaceutical 24841 have disappeared.

Interview with Mirta Levis. In section III, we describe the intricate process that was initiated in and culminated in the adoption of a new IP regulatory framework in the mids. These initiatives included revisions in the positions and global scripts of existing actors and the arrival of new transnationally mobilized actors.

Regarding plant and seed varieties the authors outline the position in Argentina: Rather, one must consider both to be circumstantial, linked to the person who happened to head the Ministry of Health at each juncture, and inspired by changes in Let foreign policy centered on vindicating the interests of the developing world.

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However, an assessment of the PNM must be tempered by its weak or temporary implementation, especially with regard to the INN policy, and its more permanent contributions to public policy, such as the Plan Remediar. In the course of the hearings, United States pressure mounted.

However, new tensions have emerged. Encouraged by the market liberalization of the s, the subsequent increase in foreign direct investment, and the return of some foreign pharmaceutical companies to Argentina Isalud At that point, the new Minister quickly 16 The dynamic of forum shifting includes moving an agenda from one international forum to another, pursuing agendas simultaneously in different forums, or the abandonment of a certain forum by a country or other global actors Drahos a.


The main legal reporters of the country published decisions, of which 77 percent of the decisions concerned claims regarding patents on pharmaceutical or agrochemical products. Those more exacting standards, 224481 as TRIPS-plus,63 were negotiated in bilateral and regional free trade agreements 62 See, the chapters in this volume about Central America, Arggentina, Colombia, and Ecuador regarding these strategies.

Homedes, Nuria, and Antonio Ugalde. Moreover, this alliance argenttina repre- sented by CILFA, which produced data and analyses regarding the impact of patents on the price of medicines.

Eli Lilly and Company v. DuringArgentina also implemented another of the PNM measures by negotiating, together with nine South American countries, the support of civil society organizations, and international agencies, the acquisition of antiretrovirals Herrera Parra Nonetheless, on March 23,the House passed the bill without changes. The National Ministry of Health used this opening to establish an equally unprecedented national policy on medicines Spanish: Plant varieties and seeds in Argentina Chile promotes biodiversity with its native plants During the following years, Menem implemented a combination of market liberalization and state reform programs, both of which were strengthened in March by Domingo Cavallo, who had by then switched jobs and was put in charge of the Ministry of Finance.

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Timeline of US-Argentina Dispute on Pharmaceutical Patents,

Plant breeders’ rights have similarities with patent law and also share the aim of encouraging new investment in research and development activities. Moreover, until such expenditures accounted for almost 50 percent of out-of-pocket expenses Perticara In the late s, the United States began to bring complaints against Argentina before the WTO, alleging the country had breached its duties to protect patent rights over pharma- ceuticals and chemical products.

In the Argentine market, the segment of non-original drugs secondary source off-patent includes generic drugs and copies. Arguably required by the TRIPS Agree- ment, data exclusivity, together with the linkage requirement,68 were the legal tools conceived to widen the protection of patent owners Correa ; Sell However, while their cases were pending before the agency, companies whose patents were near expiration requested court injunctions in order to extend patent terms.

Failing in this attempt, Cavallo convinced Menem to issue Decree No. However, this structure had not affected other federal government policies. Until recently, the APE dissolved in amidst serious allegations of corruption has operated a compensatory mechanism whereby national social funds and private health insurance companies received a reimbursement for the expenses incurred as a result of certain high-cost diseases or prolonged treatments.


We discuss this episode argentinz section V. The prices of medicines in Argentina are still among the most expensive in the region Tobar To subscribe, just type your email address in the box below, then click the ‘Subscribe’ button email: Another important issue in the context of this legislative resistance cycle con- cerned the approval of the so-called Bolar Exception.

Encyclopedia Chapter Published in print: International experiences such as those of Spain and Italy provided a warning about the potential consequences of reforming the IP regime in line with US demands interview with Aldo Neri. The fall of the Berlin Wall and the dismantling of the Soviet bloc had convinced Menem of the overwhelming triumph of capitalism. March 1, Northwestern Argentinx, Chicago.

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His oscillating moods, especially in the last phase of the process for the enactment of a new regime, were probably among the reasons why Congress disfavored the bills put forward by the Ministry of Finance, although it had acted essentially as the speaker for US interests. Through high tariffs on imported pharmaco-chemical raw materials, and the prioritization of national companies in the registration of medicines for marketing Katz et ely.

In its decision in Karl Thomae,79 on February 13,the Court explained the difference between the date of entry into force of the Agreement, which was January 1,and its date of application, which depended on the length of the transition periods.

Section IV describes the actors and mechanisms involved in that process. Innegotiations recommenced. In a way, the PNM laid bare the reluctance of even the most motivated or audacious actors to introduce reforms that could destabilize the structure and operation of the healthcare system.

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