Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (also known as non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, NHL, or lymphoma) is a cancer that starts in the lymphocytes, which are. Find out what you need to know about malignant lymphoma, including symptoms, treatment, and outlook. ON THIS PAGE: You will learn about how doctors describe lymphoma’s location and spread. This is called the stage. Use the menu to see other g.
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Cancers that begin in other organs and tissues, and then spread to the lymphatic system are not lymphomas. Archived copy as title link CS1 maint: Johns Hopkins Patients’ Guide to Lymphoma.
Axial contrast-enhanced CT image demonstrates multiple low-attenuation nodules in the spleen.
A wide variety of lymphomas are in this class, and the causes, the types of cells involved, and the prognosis vary limvoma type. Archived from the original on 16 January Splenomegaly is quite common in AIDS and is not predictive of involvement with lymphoma [ 17 ].
Treatment can consist of corticosteroidsmalginaand chemotherapyoften with methotrexate. Thomas Hodgkin published the first description of lymphoma inspecifically of the form named after him. Different suffixes imply involvement of different organs, for example S for the spleen and H for the liver.
[Tumor markers in malignant lymphoma].
Follicular lymphoma replacing a lymph node. Different types of Hodgkin lymphoma can grow and spread differently and may be treated differently. Five-year relative survival by stage at diagnosis . Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Aggressive, fast-growing types are called high-grade.
Axial unenhanced CT a shows irregular large bilateral adrenal glands. Axial contrast-enhanced CT image shows ascites and infiltration of mesenteric fat.
This is carried out because the harms and risks of treatment outweigh the benefits. Table 3 Monomorphic intermediate sized cells with diffuse pattern.
Lymphoma involving pancreas and adrenals. Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular lymphocyte predominant high-power view: The patterns of involvement include a circumscribed mass and diffuse glandular enlargement mimicking acute pancreatitis. The CT manifestations of nodal disease before and after radiochemotherapy are different, including changes in internal nodal characteristics.
Hepatomegaly is common in patients with AIDS, and occasionally a large liver may harbor lymphoma without focal lesions evident on CT [ 1617 ]. HD of the colon is uncommon [ 510 ]. The classification of a lymphoma can affect treatment and prognosis.
What Is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The kidney is the most commonly involved part of the GU tract [ 213 ]. In decreasing order of frequency, the spleen, liver, gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, abdominal wall, genitourinary tract, adrenal, peritoneal cavity, and biliary tract are involved [ 2 ]. These are collections of lymph tissue in the back of your throat.
Advanced Hodgkin disease requires systemic chemotherapy, sometimes combined with radiotherapy. After a diagnosis and before treatment, a cancer is staged.
What Is Hodgkin Lymphoma?
Views Read Edit View history. On CT, two different daalah patterns are seen: Indolent Lymphoma Indolent lymphoma is a cancer of the immune system. Staging is carried out because the stage of a cancer impacts its prognosis and treatment. This review addresses the three-pronged role of IHC in the lymphoma — subtyping, prognostication and potential for targeted therapy in commonly encountered nodal lymphomas.