LP CA NASOFARING PDF

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Karsinoma nasofaring adalah keganasan pada nasofaring yang berasal dari epitel mukosa nasofaring atau kelenjar yang terdapat di nasofaring. Increased medical awareness of prevailing early stage signs and symptoms coupled to use of EBV-related diagnostic tumor markers may lead to down-staging and timely treatment to improve survival of patients with this aggressive disease.

Hypothyroidism Pengaruh Terapi Radiasi Terhadap Sistem Imun Secara luas dilaporkan bahwa segera setelah pemberian radiasi c gangguan 11 terhadap sel limfosit T, yang akibatnya memudahkan timbulnya naxofaring macam infeksi.

In China, the overwhelming majority of the cases occur in the fifth and sixth decades of life. Persyaratan Pasien yang Layak diberi Kemoterapi Pasien dengan keganasan memiki kondisi dan kelemahan kelemahan, yang apabila diberikan kemoterapi dapat terjadi untolerable side effect.

Marlinda Adham1 Antonius N. Pengerokan dengan kuret daerah lateral nasofaring dalam narkosis. Dosis radiasi pada limfonodi leher tergantung tergantung pada ukurannya sebelum kemoterapi diberikan.

In high-risk regions, doctors should be nasofarimg aware of early-stage, unspecific signs and symptoms to improve recognition, diagnosis, and downsizing of tumors at presentation, thereby improving treatment options. Begitu banyak variasi agen yang digunakan dalam kemoradioterapi ini sehingga sampai saat ini belum didapatkan standar kemoradioterapi yang definitif.

Pasien dapat melakukan 3. Ada juga kemoterapi yang hanya bisa bekerja pada siklus pertumbuhan tertentu Cell Cycle phase spesific.

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Indonesia: epidemiology, incidence, signs, and symptoms at presentation

Nasogaring of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The initial diagnosis is difficult to make because early signs and symptoms of NPC are not specific to the disease. Kemoterapi nasofating dimaksudkan untuk mengurangi besarnya tumor sebelum radioterapi. In Indonesia, which has an ethnically diverse population of million people, NPC is prevalent among different native people s and presents a major socioeconomic problem, with an overall incidence estimated at 6.

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Adanya gangguan fungsi dibuktikan dengan sulitnya sel Nassofaring ini distimulasi pada percobaan invitro. A number of studies have reported familial linkage for NPC risk, suggesting genetic susceptibility. In Malaysian Chinese, the consumption of beef liver, in addition to salted fish and salted eggs, appeared significantly associated with NPC. Upon persisting symptoms and abnormal positive EBV-IgA serology novel non-invasive diagnostic procedures, like nasopharyngeal brushing combined with EBV-DNA measurement [27]may be indicated and informative for early detection of NPC as underlying cause of symptoms.

Interestingly, our population contained Furthermore, besides the widespread consumption of dried salty fish, it is rather common in Indonesia to find known carcinogens like formalin and polyaromatic chemical dyes in the food supply at local markets and small factories [43][44]. Unfortunately, many of these cases go unregistered nasofaing to limited medical awareness as well as the lack of hospital facilities and a nationwide cancer diagnostic and registration system.

Dan penulis menyadari makalah yang dibuat ini jauh dari sempurna. In a selected group of juvenile and adult cases that were matched for TNM stage and sex and confirmed to be EBV positive by EBER-RISH using commercial reagents, we also analyzed the expression of latent membrane protein 1 LMP1 using OT21C monoclonal antibody-based immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded tissue sections, as described before [29][30].

Bagaimana pencegahan dari Ca Nasofaring?

Askep CA Nasofaring

Epidemiology and Control; pp. Etiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Details of the EBV-related diagnostic results in our patients will be published elsewhere.

Gangguan yang timbul akibat sumbatan pada tuba eustachius seperti tinitus, tuli, rasa tidak nyaman di telinga sampai rasa nyeri di telinga otalgia 3. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Dosis obat sitostatika dapat dikurangi sehingga efek samping menurun. Buku Ajar Ilmu Kesehatan: These tests were routinely performed at diagnosis, during treatment, and during follow-up after histological verification.

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Cancer Incidence in Five Continents; p.

Because we investigated our subgroup from tillwe chose the year to evaluate a mean regional incidence. Hal inilah yang mendorong pasien untuk berobat. Virtually all cases of NPC show genetic positivity for EBV, with multiple viral genes being expressed in each tumor cell [8].

Hal ini dapat dibuktikan dengan dijumpai adanya keberadaan protein-protein laten pada penderita karsinoma nasofaring. EVALUASI Evaluasi merupakan langkah terakhir dalam proses keperawatan, dimana evaluasi adalah kegiatan yang dilakukan secara terus menerus dengan melibatkan pasien, perawat dan anggota tim kesehatan lainnya.

LP cA NASOFARING

Aspek Psikologis Klien terkesan takut akan penyakitnya, merasa terasing dan sedikit stress menghadapi tindakan operasi. Secara sinergi agen kemoterapi seperti Cisplatin mampu menghalangi perbaikan kerusakan DNA akibat induksi radiasi.

Agar informasi libatkan pasien dapat diterima didalamnya.

Cemas berhubungan dengan kurangnya pengetahuan tentang penyakitnya. Chronic exposure to co-carcinogenic compounds may be reflected in increased methylation of defined tumor suppressor genes, as recently revealed by us and others [45][50]. High incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in native people of Sarawak, Borneo Island.

Antimetabolit, Obat ini menghambat nasofarint purin atau pirimidin.

Makalah CA Nasofaring Documents –

N-Nitroso compounds and related carcinogens. In Indonesia, the recorded mean prevalence is 6. The data from that study support the model of dual epithelial-lymphoid tropism for the virus in vivoindicating the possibility that healthy tonsil epithelium may play a role in transmission of the virus as part of the viral life cycle, and suggesting that EBV can play an initiating role in associated epithelial lesions like NPC and oral hairy leukoplakia.

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the Chinese in Hong Naxofaring. Arina Ikasari for supporting some of the data on LMP1.

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